The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) was passed in 1967. A Labor Department report leading to its passage noted that, at the time, half of all job ads in the private sector explicitly barred applications from people 55 or over. A quarter excluded anyone over 45.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 is a federal law that prohibits employment discrimination "because of or on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions." In 2015, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc., that employers must offer accommodations to pregnant employees that are at least equivalent to those provided to employees with disabilities.
Can employers legally limit the ages of job prospects by recruiting only on college campuses? Can they cap the years of experience applicants are allowed to have? Can they set up social media recruitment campaigns that exclude older people? Or would taking active steps to minimize a job's visibility to workers over 40 violate the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)?
When we think about speech protections, we often think of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The First Amendment only prohibits governmental actors from abridging freedom of speech, so it doesn't apply to private actors such as non-government employers. (The First Amendment does apply to government employers.)
Recently, the independent, nonprofit investigative journalism newsroom ProPublica released a detailed analysis of massive personnel changes at IBM that it believes indicate age discrimination.
Imagine working at a company for a few years, and one day a promotion opportunity is announced. You apply and go through the interview process, feeling the whole way through that you have a great shot. Everything seems to be going well -- and then the announcement is made, and you aren't chosen.
Back in July, we wrote in this space about a dispute involving a pregnant delivery driver and her employer. National news outlets are now catching on to the story of the former Maryland UPS driver was fired after she became pregnant in 2006.
Thurgood Marshall possessed one of the greatest legal minds ever. The Maryland native won 29 of his 32 Supreme Court cases, including the landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision of 1954. He later served as the first African-American justice on the nation’s highest court.
The state of Maryland “provides every Marylander equal protection in employment,” it says on its website. It sounds good, but what does it really mean? Which forms of discrimination are you protected from?
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was landmark legislation forbidding discrimination on the basis of race, religion, color, gender or national origin. Fifty years later, it is still helping protect workers, as a recent Maryland case involving a pair of restaurants illustrates.