The EEOC recently settled a case against Estée Lauder, which had provided six weeks of child-bonding parental leave to "primary caregivers" but only two weeks to "secondary caregivers." The agency said that the policy -- as administered -- discriminated against men. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and the Equal Pay Act both prohibit gender-based discrimination in pay or benefits.
Anyone who has applied for a job has probably had to tell the potential employer how much they earned in their previous jobs, either in the interview process or in an application. Given the current trends, however, it is quite possible employer requests for salary history will become a thing of the past.
On April 9, 2016, the Maryland House of Delegates passed a bill that enhanced protections for workers across the State. By a 100-36 margin, the House passed a bill that would bar employers from paying employees less on the basis of an employee's sex. In addition, this bill also bars unequal pay on the basis of gender identity. If this bill becomes law, Maryland would be one of the few states to bar unequal pay on the basis of gender identity.
In Greenbelt and throughout the metro D.C. area, workplace discrimination is not the same issue that it once was--it exists, but it has evolved. Companies do not often publicly fire a worker because she is a woman or because he has a disability, as this type of blatant discrimination has become unpopular over time. But, discrimination still plays an unfortunate role in hiring and firing decisions as well as daily life in the workplace.