In recent years, there has been a substantial increase in the number of registered service animals and emotional-support animals in the United States. But despite this spike, many people still don't know that there is a significant difference between "service" animals and "emotional-support" animals.
With the "gig economy" in full swing, state and federal agencies have an incentive to scrutinize whether workers are properly classified as independent contractors or employees. After all, employers are not responsible for paying half of an independent contractor's payroll taxes or the unemployment insurance and workers' comp required by law. And, independent contractors lack many workplace protections that employees are entitled to receive.
We've all heard of the gender pay gap, but what about the racial pay gap? You may know that, in 2017, American women earned about 80.5 cents for each dollar earned by similarly situated men. Far fewer people are aware of the pay disparity between whites and African-Americans and Hispanics.
We are living through the most extended government shutdown in American history. Approximately 800,000 federal employees and 500,000 federal contractors have now gone without a paycheck, and there is no end in sight. Of the unpaid federal employees, more than 420,000 must continue working.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) was passed in 1967. A Labor Department report leading to its passage noted that, at the time, half of all job ads in the private sector explicitly barred applications from people 55 or over. A quarter excluded anyone over 45.
In a 2015 case involving Browning-Ferris Industries Inc., the National Labor Relations Board revised its standard for determining when two or more organizations are considered joint employers for the purposes of federal labor and employment law. When companies that are otherwise considered employers "share or codetermine those matters governing the essential terms and conditions of employment," the board held, those companies are both liable for employment-related issues.